•There are c. 950 species, it was animal but in primitive shape
•inflict a painful wound when they penetrate human skin, but are not dangerous
•tiny, jaw-like structures that can clasp onto a diver’s skin and inject a painful poison
–Severe pain, swelling and redness at puncture site
–Multiple deep puncture wounds may cause fatigue, weakness, muscle aches, shock, paralysis, and
respiratory failure. Death may occur.
*Suppresive effect on heart
(*animal study )
•remove any large spines in the wound. If joint involved,need surgical removal.
•Remove the pedicellaria by applying shaving cream to the affected area and gently scrap with a razor.
•Antibiotic , Analgesic