Pterois, commonly known as lionfish, is a genus of venomous marine fish found mostly in the Indo-Pacific. Pterois is characterized by conspicuous warning coloration with red, white, creamy, or black bands, showy pectoral fins and venomous spiky fin rays.
Lion fish injuries
–Puncture site = redness,swelling
–Systemic reaction = nausea, vomiting, fever, breathing difficulties, convulsions, dizziness, headache, numbness, paresthesia (pins and needles), heartburn, diarrhea, and sweating
–Rarely caused temporary paralysis , heart failure and even death.
–Serious life threatening if allergic reaction occur
–Animal study = negative inotropic and chronotropic ,depressing effect on rabbit blood pressure. These results are thought to be due to nitric oxide release
Clinical sign and symptom
Local reaction at punture site caused swelling, severe pain and redness.
•Most of protein of venom are extremely labile and inactivated by heating
•Immerse the affected area in water as hot as is tolerable usually relieves pain from a sting.
•Spines should be removed
•The wound should be scrubbed and irrigated with fresh water.
•Oral antibiotics if infected.
•Suture if wound large lacerated
•Update anti tetanus
•Supportive treatment if systemic reaction occur